Smart Stuff with Twig Walkingstick: Raven 'bout Crows (for the Week of May 18, 2008)

May 19, 2008

Q. Dear Twig: What's the difference between a crow and a raven?

A. Basically this: Their voice, size and flight. The shapes of their bills, wings and tails. Plus also where they live.

In most of North America, the common crow is the American Crow, while the common raven is the Common Raven. I'll use them here as examples.

• American Crow: Typically says "caw." About 17 inches long. Flaps almost all the time; rarely soars. Squared-off tail. Lives pretty much all over the United States and Canada (but not in the far north), including in my home state, Ohio.

• Common Raven: Typically says "gronk-gronk," "tok" or "rok." Bigger: about 21 inches long. Flaps, glides, soars, may even do a somersault! Bigger bill, with more of a curve to the top part of it. Wings have longer, spaced-out "fingers" (primary feathers) at the end. Wedge-shaped tail. Lives in Alaska, the American West, most of Canada and Mexico. Lives in the eastern United States, too, but mostly just the northeast part and the Appalachian Mountains.

But: Besides that they're a lot alike. Both are big, black and smart. And both, in fact, are super-close cousins.

For those about to rok, we salute you! Tok or gronk, too. Caw, as well. HEE-la!

Raucously,

Twig

P.S. Crows and ravens both belong to the scientific genus called Corvus.

Notes:

Scientifically speaking, the American Crow is Corvus brachyrhynchos, the Common Raven, Corvus corax. Other North American species include the Fish Crow, Northwestern Crow and Chihuahuan Raven. Crows and ravens belong to the Corvidae family, which also includes jays, magpies and nutcrackers.

Try these sources, both online, for excellent, more-detailed details about how to tell crows and ravens apart: http://www.birds.cornell.edu/crows/crowfaq.htm#raven (Cornell University) and http://www.pgc.state.pa.us/pgc/cwp/view.asp?a=458&q=150475 (Pennsylvania Game Commission).

And try, too, this Twig book fave: Bernd Heinrich's The Mind of the Raven.

About This:

"Smart Stuff with Twig Walkingstick," published by The Ohio State University College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences — specifically, by the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC) and Ohio State University Extension, the research and outreach arms, respectively, of the College — is a weekly feature for children about science, nature, farming and the environment. It's written at, to and for a 4th-grade reading level.

For details, to ask Twig a question, and/or to receive the column free by mail or e-mail, contact Kurt Knebusch, CommTech, OSU/OARDC,1680 Madison Ave., Wooster, OH 44691, knebusch.1@osu.edu, (330) 263-3776.

Online at http://extension.osu.edu/~news/archive.php?series=science.

Author(s): 
Kurt Knebusch